The history of Venice through the centuries


V-VI sec d.C          
The first outposts of the future Serenissima Republic were made in these years during the Barbaric invasions of the mainland.  The population took refuge in the marsh-like islands of the Venetian lagoon building villages on wooden raft constructions anchored to land.  The first settlements were in the area around Rivo Alto, which became one of the richest mercantile zones in Italy. 

The first of 118 Doges (leaders) of the Venetian Republic (the Serenissima) was elected. Making it one of the naval city state republics along with Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi.

The name of Venice was linked to San Marco when the body of apostle were taken from Egypt to Venice in San Marco’s Basilica builted up for these reson.

Serenissima gave crafts to Papa Urbano II for the first crusade that was characterized by sacks in the Bizantino’s empire.

Venice won the fourth crusade in Costantinopoli. It took four bronze horses, shovel of the altar known like the gold’s shovel and some statues. The San Marco’s symbol controlled a big commercial empire. Richness were controlled by the Big Council, the richer family of Venice.

A long serie of fights with Sailor Republic of Genova ended, with the victory of Venice in Chioggia.

Venice began to growing up relationship with inner land improving their alliances for supporting their people hit by plague.

Turkish people kept Costantinopoli and this event was the beginning of the break down of Venice Republic that didn’t keep the step with the new international order built up from State and global empire.

Turkish people kept Cipro coming in the Serenissima lands.

Creta was kept. In Venice Republic corruption was growing up and Venice didn’t have the strength to manage an army for fighting against its enemy. Plague hit again, killing most of the population in few years.

Napoleone came in Veneto and kept Venice under Austrian empire.

Venice joined together with the rebels against Austrian empire.

Venice was jointed to the Italian Reign. City was a ferment of  activities and impulses.

XIX   sec.     
A bridge was built up for joining Venice to inner lands: Venice wasn’t an island since this time. Channels were wider and deeper.

XX    sec.   
During Mussolini’s domination next to the bridge for train was built a street for cars and pedestrians. The development in Mestre and Marghera of commercial activities during the second world war was under the Alliance attention. They bombed them but luckily Venice came out of it without huge losses. After the war the born and development of industries in Marghera took to Venice many employees.

Tourism grows and with it concern for the future of the city.  Venice is at the centre of international debates on how to improve living conditions and save it from sinking.

High tides and a sinking Venice remain problems to this day.  The city risks becoming a full time tourist park. 


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